Woodward was a historian and essayist. He won the Pulitzer Prize in
1982 for Mary Chestnut’s Civil War. Other works include
Origins of the New South, 1877-1913; The Strange
Career of Jim Crow; American Counterpoint: Slavery and Racism
in the North-South Dialogue; The Old World’s New World;
and The Burden of Southern History. He was the general editor
of The Oxford History of the United States.